kidney stones symptoms

Kidney stones are small, hard mineral deposits that can form in the kidneys. They can vary in size from a grain of sand to a golf ball, and when they move through the urinary tract, they can cause a range of symptoms. Here are some common symptoms associated with kidney stones:

Severe Pain: One of the hallmark symptoms of kidney stones is excruciating pain. This pain is often described as intense and cramp-like and can originate in the back or side, just below the ribcage. The pain may radiate to the lower abdomen and groin as the stone moves through the urinary tract.

Fluctuating Pain: The pain caused by kidney stones can come and go, varying in intensity as the stone moves. It is often referred to as “renal colic” and can be debilitating, causing restlessness and discomfort.

Frequent Urination: People with kidney stones may experience an increased urge to urinate. However, the actual urine output might be minimal, and passing urine can be painful.

Hematuria: Blood in the urine, known as hematuria, is a common symptom of kidney stones. The urine may appear pink, red, or brown due to the presence of blood.

Cloudy or Foul-Smelling Urine: Kidney stones can lead to changes in urine color and odor. The urine might become cloudy or have an unpleasant smell.

Nausea and Vomiting: Some individuals with kidney stones may experience nausea and vomiting, especially if the stone causes a blockage or severe pain.

Fever and Chills: In some cases, kidney stones can lead to infection, which may result in fever and chills. If you experience these symptoms along with kidney stone pain, it’s important to seek medical attention promptly.

Difficulty Passing Urine: As a stone moves through the urinary tract, it can obstruct the flow of urine. This can lead to difficulty or discomfort when trying to urinate.

Groin and Abdominal Pain: As the stone progresses down the ureter (the tube connecting the kidney to the bladder), it can cause pain in the lower abdomen and groin area. This pain may be sharp and colicky.

Urinary Urgency: Kidney stones can increase the urgency to urinate, even if there’s only a small amount of urine in the bladder.

It’s important to note that not everyone with kidney stones will experience all of these symptoms, and the severity can vary from person to person. Additionally, some individuals may have kidney stones and not experience any noticeable symptoms until the stone causes a blockage or infection.

If you suspect you have kidney stones or are experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s crucial to seek medical attention. A healthcare provider can diagnose and determine the appropriate treatment, which may include pain management, dietary changes, medications, or procedures to remove or break up the stones. Early intervention can help prevent complications and alleviate the discomfort associated with kidney stones.